US State Department: "Soviet Influence Activities: A Report on Active Measures and Propaganda, 1986 - 87 August 1987"

September 19, 2022
Pravda (October 31, 1986:  Caption above cartoon: The AIDS virus, a terrible disease for which up to now no known cure has been found, was, in the opinion of some Western researchers, created in the laboratories of the Pentagon.􏰓 The words on the flag emanating from the beaker state: Virus 􏰒AIDS.􏰓 Caption below the cartoon:Pentagon (AIDS) specialists.

Preface: In response to legislation passed in 1985, the Department of State on July 30, 1986, submitted to Congress a document titled Active Measures: A Report on the Substance and Process of Anti-U.S. Disinformation and Propaganda Campaigns. This report updates that document, focusing on events and changes which occurred between June 1986 and June 1987. Both reports were prepared by the Active Measures Working Group.

"As bioweapons negotiators prepare to meet amid a pandemic and torrents of disinformation, can they accomplish anything?" Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

September 03, 2022

One fall day in 2006, Alexander Litvinenko, a Russian defector who once worked in Moscow’s secret intelligence community and who became a prominent Kremlin critic in the United Kingdom, ate sushi for lunch before meeting with two former colleagues from his spy agency days at the Pine Bar in London’s Millennium Hotel. The anti-corruption crusader was reportedly set to travel to Spain to investigate the Russian mob there. But just a few short weeks later, Litvinenko was dead.

INSS-NDU: "Arms Control in Today’s (Dis)information Environment"

August 20, 2021

The series "Arms Control in Today’s (Dis)information Environment," produced by scholars from the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, encompasses a trio of papers that delve into the intricate relationship between disinformation and arms control. This scholarly work aims to foster a comprehensive dialogue on the potential influence of disinformation on the formulation and implementation of future arms control treaties and agreements.

BWPP: "INDIA": BioWeapons Monitor 2011

December 01, 2011

The BioWeapons Monitor is an initiative of the BioWeapons Prevention Project (BWPP)—a global network of civil society actors dedicated to the permanent elimination of biological weapons and of the possibility of their re-emergence—to help monitor compliance with the international norm prohibiting biological weapons, laid down chiefly in the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). Particularly, it aims to increase the transparency of activities relevant to the BWC, which the current treaty regime does not accomplish sufficiently.

"A (F)utile Intersessional Process? Strengthening the BWC by Defining Its Scope" (Authors: Cindy Vestergaard and Animesh Roul)

October 12, 2011

During its thirty-five years, the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) has been scarred by treaty violations, failed compliance negotiations, and ambiguous treaty language. From 2003 to 2010, intersessional talks centered on less controversial topics in an attempt to save the treaty from spiraling political tensions.

Thirty Years of BTWC: A Fact Sheet

The Convention on the prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons and their destruction, better known as the BTWC or BWC has attained thirty years of existence on March 26, 2005. The BTWC, a multilateral treaty, was negotiated from 1969-1971. It was opened for signature at London, Moscow and Washington DC on April 10, 1972. It entered into force on March 26, 1975 with 43 member countries, after ratification by the three Depository State—the USA, the Soviet Union (erstwhile) and the United Kingdom.

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